Are e-bikes legal in Ontario

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E-Bikes are road legal in Ontario, offering an eco-friendly and efficient mode of transportation. In this blog post, we'll provide a concise overview of the key regulations and requirements for e-bikes in Ontario to help you ride safely and in compliance with the law.

E-Bike Definition:

An e-bike, or electric bicycle, is a bicycle equipped with an electric motor, working pedals, and two or three wheels. It must also have braking systems.


  • Age Requirement: To operate an e-bike in Ontario, you must be 16 years of age or older.

  • Helmet Requirement: Riders of e-bikes, regardless of age, must wear an approved bicycle or motorcycle helmet.

  • Maintenance: Regular maintenance ensures safe and smooth rides.

  • Traffic Rules: When riding an e-bike, you are required to follow the same rules of the road as other cyclists, including obeying traffic signals and using hand signals for turns.

Where You Can Ride:

E-bikes are generally allowed on most roads and highways in Ontario where conventional bicycles are permitted. However, there are exceptions:

  • Prohibited Highways: E-bikes are not allowed on certain provincial controlled access highways.

  • Municipal Bylaws: Some municipal roads, sidewalks, and bike paths may ban e-bikes. Always check local regulations for compliance.

E-Bike Requirements:

To legally operate an e-bike in Ontario, your e-bike must meet specific specifications:

  • Maximum assisted speed of 32 km/h.
  • Maximum weight of 120 kg (including the bike and battery).
  • Electric motor not exceeding 500 watts.
  • No modifications to the motor to exceed 500 watts or a speed greater than 32 km/h.
  • Securely fastened battery and electric motor to prevent movement during operation.
  • Proper insulation of all electrical terminals.
  • Minimum wheel width of 35 mm and a minimum diameter of 350 mm.
  • Two independent braking systems capable of bringing the e-bike to a full stop within 9 meters at 30 km/h on level asphalt.

Remember that removing pedals makes your e-bike a motor vehicle, requiring a license, insurance, and registration. 

In conclusion, E-Bikes are road legal in Ontario, providing an excellent and sustainable way to travel. By understanding and following these regulations, you can enjoy the benefits of e-biking while ensuring your safety and compliance with the law. If you're considering purchasing an e-bike, EMMO offers quality options to enhance your riding experience. Check out our collections of electric bicycles, as well as scooter style e-bikes and motorcycle style e-bikes.